Abuja Agreement Sierra Leone

On 3 February 1999 (2), the government and rebel representatives negotiated a ceasefire agreement in which the fighting reportedly left at least 35 people dead and several hundred others injured. In this agreement, both sides agreed to the immediate withdrawal of senegalese and Guinean non-ECOMOG forces that had supported President Vieira. At a meeting held on 17 February in Lomé, Togo, Mane and Vieira promised never to take up arms again.34 Immediate establishment of a government of national unity, which includes representatives of the self-proclaimed junta, in accordance with the agreement already reached by the parties. Three agreements between the Sierra Leonean government and the Revolutionary Revolutionary Unity Front (RUF) helped improve the human rights situation in Sierra Leone in 2001. The first, signed in Abuja, Nigeria, in November 2000, resulted in a ceasefire. The second and third agreements, signed in May 2001, forced both sides to resume the disarmament process, to provide for the re-establishment of government authority in areas formerly held by rebels, and to release all child and abductees. Military pressure on the RUF by the Guinean army, which responded to the RUF`s cross-border attacks with ground and air strikes in Sierra Leone, and by the Sierra Leonean army, trained and led by Great Britain, contributed to this process. More than 16,700 UN peacekeepers have been deployed to high-call locations, including the diamond-rich Kono district, and more than 29,300 fighters have been disarmed. The release of more than 3,000 child soldiers, abductees and children separated by the RUF and government civil defence militias was one of the most positive human rights developments of the year. However, the serious violations, which often involved victims and perpetrators, not only from Sierra Leone, but also from neighbouring Liberia and Guinea, have been persistent and have served to highlight conflicts in the region. The government extended its mandate, but announced that the 2001 elections would be held on May 14, 2002. In many cases, the timetable set out in the peace agreement has not been met. It took longer than agreed to form the unity government and leave the foreign troops in Bissau.

A ceasefire agreement was reached on 26 August 1998, but fighting continued. By mid-October, the government and rebels had resumed the armed conflict.1 When the rebels began, Guinea-Bissau`s president ordered all government forces to stop fighting and called for a meeting with the rebel leader to reach a peaceful solution.2 He called for the withdrawal of all foreign troops who supported President Joao Bernardo Vieira , rebel leader Brig. Ansumane Mane, October 24. 4 On 30 October, leaders of the parties to the conflict travelled to Abuja, Nigeria`s capital, for peace talks on the sidelines of the ECOWAS summit. On 1 November 1998, the two sides signed the Abuja Peace Agreement, which reaffirmed the August ceasefire agreement.